It is well known that vitamin A is the most researched skin care ingredient in today’s market, and there is good reason. Your skin needs it. Vitamin A works by normalising skin functions so it corrects ALL skin conditions. It thickens and stimulates the dermis, and increases the amount of collagen; therefore it slows down the normal ageing breakdown of your collagen and elastin. A skin with high levels of vitamin A will minimise visual signs of ageing as well as many other common concerns by:
> assisting in the reduction of pre-cancerous skin lesions
> decreasing sebum production, therefore a fantastic acne treatment
> decreasing uneven skin tone and age spots
> accelerating wound healing and reducing scarring
> thickening and repairing the cellular structure of the epidermis, optimising your skins UV protection
by doing all of the above, the skins hydration will greatly improve both in and around the skin cells.
All cells need vitamin A to function properly. Photo damage starts from around the age of 4 when children are starting to get more exposure to sunlight. By the age of 18, 75% of photo damage has already been done. The exposure to natural and artificial light depletes vitamin A and replacing it is vital for healthy skin. Vitamin A found in food is absorbed by other organs in the body, and, leaves very little for the largest organ, the skin. When you introduce vitamin A it turns on receptors on the cell wall to process it, which thrive over time as you continue to apply the vitamin. The more you use it, the more your skin enjoys it, giving you better collagen production, clearing uneven skin tone and problematic skin. It all adds up to a desirable, glowing and youthful complexion.
Vitamin A comes in many forms. Most of us would identify the prescription form, Retin-A, the acid form of vitamin A, or retinoic acid. It can be used 2-3 times a week (at night) and will provide results, but is a lot more irritating, leading to redness, irritation, and skin peeling during use.
Next is the alcohol form, which is found in many over the counter products. However, if you have never used retinol before then it is likely you will experience a reaction and the same side effects as the acid form, just milder.
Lastly you have the fat-soluble or storage form of vitamin A, which is easily tolerated by the skin and is actually photo-protective, where retinyl palmitate breaks down into retinoic acid in the body. Clinical trials have proven equal, if not enhanced results, to that of prescription or alcohol forms, with no harsh side effects. Trials also found that it contributed to the skin’s ability to prevent the effects of UV damage, when used along with sun protection. In order to achieve effective results, high doses of retinyl palmitate are required, and that is when Dr Des Fernandes, founder of Environ, created the unique step-up system.